ISSN 1234-3099 (print version)

ISSN 2083-5892 (electronic version)

Discussiones Mathematicae Graph Theory

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Discussiones Mathematicae Graph Theory


Discussiones Mathematicae Graph Theory 22(1) (2002) 7-15
DOI: 10.7151/dmgt.1154


J. Adrian Bondy

Laboratoire de Mathématiques Discrètes
Université Claude
Bernard Lyon 1, 69622 Villeurbanne Cedex, France

Hajo J. Broersma

Faculty of Applied Mathematics
University of Twente
P.O. Box 217, 7500 AE Enschede, The Netherlands

Jan van den Heuvel

Department of Mathematics and Statistics
Simon Fraser University
Burnaby, B.C., Canada V5A 1S6

Henk Jan Veldman

Faculty of Applied Mathematics
University of Twente
P.O. Box 217, 7500 AE Enschede, The Netherlands

The first three authors would like to dedicate this paper to Henk Jan Veldman, a valued colleague and beloved friend who died October 12, 1998.


An (edge-)weighted graph is a graph in which each edge e is assigned a nonnegative real number w(e), called the weight of e. The weight of a cycle is the sum of the weights of its edges, and an optimal cycle is one of maximum weight. The weighted degree w(v) of a vertex v is the sum of the weights of the edges incident with v. The following weighted analogue (and generalization) of a well-known result by Dirac for unweighted graphs is due to Bondy and Fan. Let G be a 2-connected weighted graph such that w(v) ≥ r for every vertex v of G. Then either G contains a cycle of weight at least 2r or every optimal cycle of G is a Hamilton cycle. We prove the following weighted analogue of a generalization of Dirac's result that was first proved by Pósa. Let G be a 2-connected weighted graph such that w(u)+w(v) ≥ s for every pair of nonadjacent vertices u and v. Then G contains either a cycle of weight at least s or a Hamilton cycle. Examples show that the second conclusion cannot be replaced by the stronger second conclusion from the result of Bondy and Fan. However, we characterize a natural class of edge-weightings for which these two conclusions are equivalent, and show that such edge-weightings can be recognized in time linear in the number of edges.

Keywords: weighted graph, (long, optimal, Hamilton) cycle, (edge-, vertex-)weighting, weighted degree.

2000 Mathematics Subject Classifications: 05C45, 05C38, 05C35.


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Received 27 June 2000
Revised 22 May 2001