DMGT

ISSN 1234-3099 (print version)

ISSN 2083-5892 (electronic version)

https://doi.org/10.7151/dmgt

Discussiones Mathematicae Graph Theory

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Discussiones Mathematicae Graph Theory

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Discussiones Mathematicae Graph Theory 21(1) (2001) 167-177
DOI: 10.7151/dmgt.1141

GALLAI'S INNEQUALITY FOR CRITICAL GRAPHS OF REDUCIBLE HEREDITARY PROPERTIES

Peter Mihók

Mathematical Institute of Slovak Academy of Sciences
Gresákova 6, 040 01 Košice, Slovakia
and
Faculty of Economics, Technical University
B. Nemcovej 32, 040 01 Košice, Slovakia
e-mail: mihokp@tuke.sk

Riste Skrekovski

Departement of Mathematics University of Ljubljana
Jadranska 19, 1111 Ljubljana, Slovenia
e-mail: skreko@fmf.uni-lj.si

Abstract

In this paper Gallai's inequality on the number of edges in critical graphs is generalized for reducible additive induced-hereditary properties of graphs in the following way. Let P1, P2, …,Pk (k ≥ 2) be additive induced-hereditary properties, ℜ = P1 º P2 º… ºPk and δ = ∑i = 1k δ(Pi). Suppose that G is an ℜ -critical graph with n vertices and m edges. Then 2m ≥ δn + [(δ−2)/(δ2+2δ−2)] n + [(2δ)/(δ2+2δ−2)] unless ℜ = O2 or G = Kδ+1. The generalization of Gallai's inequality for P-choice critical graphs is also presented.

Keywords: additive induced-hereditary property of graphs, reducible property of graphs, critical graph, Gallai's Theorem.

2000 Mathematics Subject Classification: 05C15, 05C75.

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Received 2 August 2000
Revised 9 May 2001