ISSN 1234-3099 (print version)

ISSN 2083-5892 (electronic version)

Discussiones Mathematicae Graph Theory

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Discussiones Mathematicae Graph Theory


Discussiones Mathematicae Graph Theory 18(2) (1998) 183-195
DOI: 10.7151/dmgt.1074


Vadim E. Levit and Eugen Mandrescu

Department of Computer Systems
Center for Technological Education
Affiliated with Tel-Aviv University
52 Golomb St., P.O. Box 305
Holon 58102, Israel



The composition graph of a family of n+1 disjoint graphs {Hi:0 ≤ i ≤ n} is the graph H obtained by substituting the n vertices of H0 respectively by the graphs H1,H2,...,Hn. If H has some hereditary property P, then necessarily all its factors enjoy the same property. For some sort of graphs it is sufficient that all factors {Hi: 0 ≤ i ≤ n} have a certain common P to endow H with this P. For instance, it is known that the composition graph of a family of perfect graphs is also a perfect graph (B. Bollobas, 1978), and the composition graph of a family of comparability graphs is a comparability graph as well (M.C. Golumbic, 1980). In this paper we show that the composition graph of a family of co-graphs (i.e., P4-free graphs), is also a co-graph, whereas for θ1-perfect graphs (i.e., P4-free and C4-free graphs) and for threshold graphs (i.e., P4-free, C4-free and 2K2-free graphs), the corresponding factors {Hi:0 ≤ i ≤ n} have to be equipped with some special structure.

Keywords: composition graph, co-graphs, θ1-perfect graphs, threshold graphs.

1991 Mathematics Subject Classification: 05C38, 05C751.


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Received 21 October 1997
Revised 4 May 1998