DMGT

ISSN 1234-3099 (print version)

ISSN 2083-5892 (electronic version)

https://doi.org/10.7151/dmgt

Discussiones Mathematicae Graph Theory

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Discussiones Mathematicae Graph Theory

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Discussiones Mathematicae Graph Theory 26(1) (2006) 161-175
DOI: 10.7151/dmgt.1310

WIENER INDEX OF GENERALIZED STARS AND THEIR QUADRATIC LINE GRAPHS

Andrey A. Dobrynin and Leonid S. Mel'nikov

Sobolev Institute of Mathematics
Russian Academy of Sciences
Siberian Branch, Novosibirsk 630090, Russia
e-mail: dobr@math.nsc.ru, omeln@math.nsc.ru

Abstract

The Wiener index, W, is the sum of distances between all pairs of vertices in a graph G. The quadratic line graph is defined as L(L(G)), where L(G) is the line graph of G. A generalized star S is a tree consisting of Δ ≥ 3 paths with the unique common endvertex. A relation between the Wiener index of S and of its quadratic graph is presented. It is shown that generalized stars having the property W(S) = W(L(L(S)) exist only for 4 ≤ Δ ≤ 6. Infinite families of generalized stars with this property are constructed.

Keywords and phrases: distance in a graph, Wiener index, star, iterated line graph.

2000 Mathematics Subject Classification: 05C12, 05C05.

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Received 24 June 2005
Revised 22 July 2005