ISSN 1234-3099 (print version)

ISSN 2083-5892 (electronic version)

Discussiones Mathematicae Graph Theory

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Discussiones Mathematicae Graph Theory


Discussiones Mathematicae Graph Theory 23(1) (2003) 189-199
DOI: 10.7151/dmgt.1195


Yair Caro

Department of Mathematics
University of Haifa - Oranim
Tivon - 36006, ISRAEL

Michael S. Jacobson

Department of Mathematics
University of Louisville
Louisville, KY 40292, USA


For a graph G, a positive integer k, k ≥ 2, and a non-negative integer with z < k and z ≠ 1, a subset D of the vertex set V(G) is said to be a non-z (mod k) dominating set if D is a dominating set and for all x ∈ V(G), |N[x]∩D| ≢ z (mod k).

For the case k = 2 and z = 0, it has been shown that these sets exist for all graphs. The problem for k ≥ 3 is unknown (the existence for even values of k and z = 0 follows from the k = 2 case.) It is the purpose of this paper to show that for k ≥ 3 and with z < k and z ≠ 1, that a non-z(mod k) dominating set exist for all trees. Also, it will be shown that for k ≥ 4, z ≥ 1, 2 or 3 that any unicyclic graph contains a non-z(mod k) dominating set. We also give a few special cases of other families of graphs for which these dominating sets must exist.

 Keywords: dominating set, tree, unicyclic graph.

 2000 Mathematics Subject Classification: 05C69, 05C85.


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Received 26 November 2001
Revised 26 February 2002