ISSN 1234-3099 (print version)

ISSN 2083-5892 (electronic version)

Discussiones Mathematicae Graph Theory

IMPACT FACTOR 2018: 0.741

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.763

Rejection Rate (2017-2018): c. 84%

Discussiones Mathematicae Graph Theory


Discussiones Mathematicae Graph Theory 23(1) (2003) 129-139
DOI: 10.7151/dmgt.1190


Ramon M. Figueroa-Centeno

 Mathematics Department
University of Hawaii-Hilo
200 W. Kawili St. Hilo, HI 96720, USA

Rikio Ichishima

College of Humanities and Sciences, Nihon University
3-25-40 Sakurajosui Setagaya-ku, Tokyo 156-8550, Japan

Francesc A. Muntaner-Batle

Department de Matemàtica i Telemàtica
Universitat Politècnica de Catulunya
08071 Barcelona, Spain

Dedicated to Professor Miguel Angel Fiol


A graph G of size q is graceful if there exists an injective function f:V(G)→ {0,1,…,q} such that each edge uv of G is labeled |f(u)−f(v)| and the resulting edge labels are distinct. Also, a (p,q) graph G with q ≥ p is harmonious if there exists an injective function f:V(G)→Zq such that each edge uv of G is labeled f(u)+f(v) mod q and the resulting edge labels are distinct, whereas G is felicitous if there exists an injective function f:V(G)→ Zq+1 such that each edge uv of G is labeled f(u)+f(v) mod q and the resulting edge labels are distinct. In this paper, we present several results involving the vertex amalgamation of graceful, felicitous and harmonious graphs. Further, we partially solve an open problem of Lee et al., that is, for which m and n the vertex amalgamation of n copies of the cycle Cm at a fixed vertex v ∈ V(Cm), Amal(Cm,v,n), is felicitous? Moreover, we provide some progress towards solving the conjecture of Koh et al., which states that the graph Amal(Cm,v,n) is graceful if and only if mn ≡ 0 or 3 mod 4. Finally, we propose two conjectures.

 Keywords: felicitous labellings, graceful labellings, harmonious labellings.

 2000 Mathematics Subject Classification: 05C78.


[1] G. Chartrand and L. Leśniak, Graphs and Digraphs (Wadsworth &Brooks/Cole Advanced Books and Software, Monterey, Calif. 1986).
[2] J. Gallian, A dynamic survey of graph labeling, Electron. J. Combin. 5 (2002) #DS6.
[3] R.L. Graham and N.J.A. Sloane, On additive bases and harmonious graphs, SIAM J. Alg. Discrete Math. 1 (1980) 382-404, doi: 10.1137/0601045.
[4] K.M. Koh, D.G. Rogers, P.Y. Lee and C.W. Toh, On graceful graphs V: unions of graphs with one vertex in common, Nanta Math. 12 (1979) 133-136.
[5] S.M. Lee, E. Schmeichel and S.C. Shee, On felicitous graphs, Discrete Math. 93 (1991) 201-209, doi: 10.1016/0012-365X(91)90256-2.
[6] A. Rosa, On certain valuations of the vertices of a graph, in: Theory of Graphs (Internat. Symposium, Rome, July 1966, Gordon and Breach, N.Y. and Dunod Paris, 1967) 87-95.
[7] S.C. Shee, On harmonious and related graphs, Ars Combin. 23 (1987) (A) 237-247.
[8] S.C. Shee, Some results on λ-valuation of graphs involving complete bipartite graphs, Discrete Math. 28 (1991) 1-14.

Received 18 July 2001