DMGT

ISSN 1234-3099 (print version)

ISSN 2083-5892 (electronic version)

https://doi.org/10.7151/dmgt

Discussiones Mathematicae Graph Theory

IMPACT FACTOR 2018: 0.741

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.763

Rejection Rate (2017-2018): c. 84%

Discussiones Mathematicae Graph Theory

Article in press


Authors:

J.A. Mudrock, M. Chase, E. Thornburgh, I. Kadera and T. Wagstrom

Title:

A note on the equitablec choosability of complete bipartite graphs

Source:

Discussiones Mathematicae Graph Theory

Received: 2018-08-04, Revised: 2019-05-20, Accepted: 2019-05-20, https://doi.org/10.7151/dmgt.2232

Abstract:

In 2003 Kostochka, Pelsmajer, and West introduced a list analogue of equitable coloring called equitable choosability. A $k$-assignment, $L$, for a graph $G$ assigns a list, $L(v)$, of $k$ available colors to each $v \in V(G)$, and an equitable $L$-coloring of $G$ is a proper coloring, $f$, of $G$ such that $f(v) \in L(v)$ for each $v \in V(G)$ and each color class of $f$ has size at most $\lceil |V(G)|/k \rceil$. Graph $G$ is said to be equitably $k$-choosable if an equitable $L$-coloring of $G$ exists whenever $L$ is a $k$-assignment for $G$. In this note we study the equitable choosability of complete bipartite graphs. A result of Kostochka, Pelsmajer, and West implies $K_{n,m}$ is equitably $k$-choosable if $k \geq \max \{n,m\}$ provided $K_{n,m} \neq K_{2l+1, 2l+1}$. We prove $K_{n,m}$ is equitably $k$-choosable if $m \leq \left\lceil (m+n)/k \right \rceil(k-n)$ which gives $K_{n,m}$ is equitably $k$-choosable for certain $k$ satisfying $k < \max \{n,m\}$. We also give a complete characterization of the equitable choosability of complete bipartite graphs that have a partite set of size at most 2.

Keywords:

graph coloring, equitable coloring, list coloring, equitable choosability

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