ISSN 1234-3099 (print version)

ISSN 2083-5892 (electronic version)

Discussiones Mathematicae Graph Theory

IMPACT FACTOR 2019: 0.755

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2019: 0.600

Rejection Rate (2018-2019): c. 84%

Discussiones Mathematicae Graph Theory

Article in press


J.N. Chen, S. Kitaev


On the 12-representability of induced subgraphs of a grid graph


Discussiones Mathematicae Graph Theory

Received: 2019-07-29, Revised: 2019-11-01, Accepted: 2019-11-10,


The notion of a 12-representable graph was introduced by Jones, Kitaev, Pyatkin and Remmel in [Representing graphs via pattern avoiding words, Electron. J. Combin. 22 (2015) #P2.53]. This notion generalizes the notions of the much studied permutation graphs and co-interval graphs. It is known that any 12-representable graph is a comparability graph, and also that a tree is 12-representable if and only if it is a double caterpillar. Moreover, Jones et al. initiated the study of 12- representability of induced subgraphs of a grid graph, and asked whether it is possible to characterize such graphs. This question of Jones et al. is meant to be about induced subgraphs of a grid graph that consist of squares, which we call square grid graphs. However, an induced subgraph in a grid graph does not have to contain entire squares, and we call such graphs line grid graphs.<br>In this paper we answer the question of Jones et al. by providing a com- plete characterization of $12$-representable square grid graphs in terms of forbidden induced subgraphs. Moreover, we conjecture such a characterization for the line grid graphs and give a number of results towards solving this challenging conjecture. Our results are a major step in the direction of characterization of all 12-representable graphs since beyond our characterization, we also discuss relations between graph labelings and 12-representability, one of the key open questions in the area.


graph representation, 12-representable graph, grid graph, forbidden subgraph, square grid graph, line grid graph