DMGT

ISSN 1234-3099 (print version)

ISSN 2083-5892 (electronic version)

https://doi.org/10.7151/dmgt

Discussiones Mathematicae Graph Theory

IMPACT FACTOR 2018: 0.741

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.763

Rejection Rate (2017-2018): c. 84%

Discussiones Mathematicae Graph Theory

Article in press


Authors:

J. Pavan Kumar, P.V.S. Reddy

Title:

Algorithmic aspects of secure connected domination in graphs

Source:

Discussiones Mathematicae Graph Theory

Received: 2019-03-25, Revised: 2019-10-17, Accepted: 2019-10-19, https://doi.org/10.7151/dmgt.2260

Abstract:

Let $G = (V,E)$ be a simple, undirected and connected graph. A connected dominating set $S\subseteq V$ is a secure connected dominating set of $G$, if for each $u \in V\setminus S$, there exists $v \in S$ such that $(u,v)\in E$ and the set $(S\setminus \lbrace v \rbrace)\cup\lbrace u \rbrace$ is a connected dominating set of $G$. The minimum size of a secure connected dominating set of $G$ denoted by $ \gamma_{sc} (G)$, is called the secure connected domination number of $G$. Given a graph $ G$ and a positive integer $ k,$ the Secure Connected Domination (SCDM) problem is to check whether $G$ has a secure connected dominating set of size at most $k.$ In this paper, we prove that the SCDM problem is NP-complete for doubly chordal graphs, a subclass of chordal graphs. We investigate the complexity of this problem for some subclasses of bipartite graphs namely, star convex bipartite, comb convex bipartite, chordal bipartite and chain graphs. The Minimum Secure Connected Dominating Set (MSCDS) problem is to find a secure connected dominating set of minimum size in the input graph. We propose a $(\Delta(G)+1)$-approximation algorithm for MSCDS, where $\Delta(G)$ is the maximum degree of the input graph $G$ and prove that MSCDS cannot be approximated within $(1-\epsilon) \ln(\vert V \vert ) $ for any $ \epsilon > 0 $ unless $ NP \subseteq DTIME\big(\vert V \vert^{ O(\log \log \vert V \vert)}\big) $ even for bipartite graphs. Finally, we show that the MSCDS is APX-complete for graphs with $\Delta(G)=4.$

Keywords:

secure domination, complexity classes, tree-width, chordal graphs

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